Engineering Plastics PU - Polyurethane

Polyurethane (PU) is a versatile polymer that belongs to the class of thermosetting plastics. It is known for its exceptional mechanical properties, including high elasticity, toughness, abrasion resistance, and chemical resistance. Here’s an overview of polyurethane:

Key Features:

  1. Elasticity and Flexibility: Polyurethane exhibits high elasticity, allowing it to stretch under load and return to its original shape once the load is removed. This property makes it suitable for applications requiring flexibility and resilience.

  2. Toughness: PU is highly resistant to impact and abrasion, making it durable and long-lasting in applications subjected to wear and tear.

  3. Chemical Resistance: Polyurethane has good resistance to oils, greases, solvents, and many chemicals, making it suitable for use in environments where exposure to harsh chemicals is common.

  4. Weather Resistance: PU exhibits excellent weatherability and resistance to aging, UV radiation, and ozone, making it suitable for outdoor applications without significant degradation.

  5. Wide Hardness Range: Polyurethane can be formulated to have a wide range of hardness, from very soft (as low as 20 Shore A) to very hard (up to 85 Shore D), making it suitable for various applications.

  6. Adhesive Properties: PU can be formulated as adhesives and sealants, offering excellent bonding strength to a variety of substrates, including metals, plastics, wood, and concrete.

  7. Thermal Insulation: Polyurethane foam is widely used as an insulation material in construction, refrigeration, and transportation applications due to its low thermal conductivity and energy efficiency.


  1. Seals and Gaskets: Polyurethane is used to manufacture seals, gaskets, and O-rings for hydraulic and pneumatic systems, engines, pumps, and industrial machinery due to its resilience, durability, and chemical resistance.

  2. Wheels and Rollers: PU is commonly used in the manufacturing of wheels, rollers, and tires for material handling equipment, conveyor systems, and industrial machinery due to its abrasion resistance and load-bearing capacity.

  3. Belts and Drive Components: PU belts and drive components are used in power transmission systems, conveyor belts, and automotive applications due to their high strength, flexibility, and resistance to wear and fatigue.

  4. Coatings and Finishes: Polyurethane coatings and finishes are applied to surfaces such as wood, metal, and concrete to provide protection against abrasion, chemicals, moisture, and UV radiation in applications ranging from furniture to flooring.

  5. Foams and Insulation: Polyurethane foam is used as insulation in buildings, refrigerators, freezers, and appliances due to its low thermal conductivity and ability to reduce heat transfer.

  6. Footwear and Apparel: PU is used in the production of footwear, apparel, and sports equipment for its cushioning, flexibility, and durability. It is often used in midsoles, outsoles, and protective gear.

  7. Medical Devices: Polyurethane is used in medical devices and implants such as catheters, tubing, wound dressings, and prosthetics due to its biocompatibility, flexibility, and resistance to body fluids.

Overall, Polyurethane (PU) is a versatile engineering plastic with a wide range of applications across industries, offering a combination of elasticity, toughness, chemical resistance, and weatherability. Its diverse properties make it suitable for various applications where durability, flexibility, and performance are essential.

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