Engineering Plastics Polycarbonatе - PC

Polycarbonate (PC) is a popular engineering thermoplastic known for its exceptional impact resistance, clarity, and heat resistance. It belongs to the group of linear polymers known as polyesters and is widely used in various industries due to its unique combination of properties. Let’s delve deeper into the characteristics and applications of polycarbonate:

Key Characteristics:

  1. Impact Resistance: One of the most notable properties of polycarbonate is its outstanding impact resistance, making it virtually unbreakable. It can withstand significant external forces without shattering, making it suitable for applications requiring durability and safety.

  2. Clarity and Transparency: Polycarbonate offers excellent optical clarity, with transparency similar to glass. This property, along with its impact resistance, makes it a preferred material for applications where visibility is essential, such as protective eyewear, windows, and displays.

  3. Heat Resistance: Polycarbonate exhibits good heat resistance, with a glass transition temperature (Tg) typically around 145-150°C (293-302°F). It retains its mechanical properties at elevated temperatures, making it suitable for use in high-temperature environments.

  4. Flame Resistance: It has good flame-retardant properties, self-extinguishing when the flame source is removed, which enhances its safety in applications where fire resistance is required.

  5. Dimensional Stability: Polycarbonate maintains its shape and size over a wide range of temperatures, exhibiting good dimensional stability. This property is crucial for applications requiring tight tolerances and precision.

  6. Chemical Resistance: While polycarbonate is generally resistant to many chemicals, it can be susceptible to some solvents and alkalis. However, it exhibits excellent resistance to oils, greases, and many other common chemicals.


  • Automotive: Polycarbonate is used in automotive applications such as headlamp lenses, interior trim components, instrument panels, and exterior body parts due to its impact resistance, clarity, and design flexibility.

  • Electronics: It finds applications in electronic devices such as mobile phone screens, laptop housings, camera lenses, and LED lighting fixtures due to its optical clarity, impact resistance, and electrical insulation properties.

  • Construction: Polycarbonate sheets are used in construction applications such as skylights, roofing panels, safety glazing, and architectural windows due to their impact resistance, transparency, and weatherability.

  • Medical Devices: Polycarbonate is used in medical devices and equipment such as incubators, surgical instruments, syringes, and medical tubing due to its biocompatibility, clarity, and sterilizability.

  • Consumer Goods: It is utilized in various consumer goods such as safety goggles, protective visors, water bottles, and household appliances due to its impact resistance, clarity, and aesthetic appeal.

Overall, polycarbonate is a versatile engineering plastic with a wide range of applications across industries, thanks to its exceptional impact resistance, clarity, heat resistance, and design flexibility.

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